The Germiest Places in Our Community

Cold and flu season means germs, and some places you go every day may be germier than others.
"The prime source of germs -- and in the winter season, we're mostly talking about viruses like the flu and the common cold -- is other people,"
These five places are the germiest you're likely to visit
    1. Public restrooms. Bacteria and viruses thrive in a moist place. So sinks, soap dispensers, and toilet seats can host germs.
    2. Your child's school or day care. In a school or day care, lots of kids are together. There will be lots of opportunities for germs to spread.
    3. Public transportation. "The closer you are packed together with other people, the more likely you are to spread germs to one another,". So subways, buses, trains, and airplanes are likely spots to pick up germs.
    4. Your doctor's office. Some people in the waiting room may have a cold or the flu. Some pediatricians' offices have separate waiting rooms for "well" and "not so well" kids. But others don't, and you rarely see separate waiting rooms in doctors' offices for adults.
    5. Other public places. "Places like malls, food courts, museums, sporting events, and concerts -- anywhere big crowds of people gather -- are prime sources of germs, particularly if the space is limited and there are lots of people pushed         together,"
Of course, you should still be out and about, living your life. You can take steps to keep germs at bay, wherever you go.
5 Ways to Defend Yourself
1. Wash your hands often. Use soap and warm water. It can dislodge germs and send them down the drain.
2. Carry hand sanitizer. It's handy if you can't wash your hands, especially if you're touching surfaces that other people use, like ATM keyboards, elevator buttons, and door handles.
3. Let something else do the touching. If you're in a germy place, like a doctor's office building or your child's day care, press elevator buttons with your elbow, and use a paper towel to open bathroom doors and flush toilets. Only use banisters or escalator handrails if you need to for balance.  Avoid touching your face, eyes, nose, mouth, and ears, so that germs on your hands don’t enter your body.   
4. Wipe down shared surfaces. Use your hand sanitizer or a package of sanitizing wipes to clean off spots such as food court tables (they're often just wiped down with a rag that only spreads germs around) or the desk or phones in shared office spaces.
5. Leave the germs outside. When you come home, take off your shoes and wash your hands. That's a family rule. "But it makes sense for anyone. It's a good idea to wash off germs and dirt when you come home."
Chances are you're reading this article sitting down. And if you're like most computer users, you've been in your chair for a while.
You're probably inactive for more of your day than you realize. Do you sit in your car while commuting to an eight-hour-a-day desk job and then unwind in front of the television all evening? Do you depend on email, direct-deposit paychecks, and online shopping to accomplish tasks that 10 or 20 years ago would have required you to run errands?
If so, then you may have "sitting disease." That's the new buzzword for a sedentary lifestyle that may put your health at risk.
A growing body of research shows that long periods of physical inactivity raise your risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and obesity. In January 2010, British experts linked prolonged periods of sitting to a greater likelihood of disease. And that same month, Australian researchers reported that each hour spent watching TV is linked to an 18% increase in the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease, perhaps because that time is spent sitting down.
You're Meant to Move
"Human beings evolved as a walking entity, exploring the world on our feet," say
"The strangest thing in the world is that people spend all day scrunched in a chair. It's a form of physical entrapment
Advice: Fight sitting disease by taking steps to become more physically active. But how do you actually do that when you're locked into a lot of sitting time at work and getting around town?
Beat Sitting Disease: 11 Simple Solutions
Get NEAT. Levine recommends studding your day with non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT). NEAT includes stretching, turning, and bending. Aim for 10 minutes of NEAT each hour. "When I speak to the patient who is battling with [a sedentary lifestyle], 'I can't afford the gym' is no longer a barrier," Levine says. "What I'm asking you to do doesn't cost anything. You integrate activity into your day, whether pacing around on the telephone, not using email, or taking the kids for a walk in the mall."

  1. Think beyond your workout. Even if you exercise at lunch, you may still be sitting too much. "Getting one hour of exercise in the middle of the day is obviously going to be better than not doing anything, but that still leaves approximately seven hours of predominantly sitting during the workday," David Dunstan, PhD, tells WebMD in an email. "We have to have a whole-day approach to physical activity promotion," says Dunstan, who heads the physical activity laboratory in the division of metabolism and obesity at Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne, Australia. He led the study on TV time and the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.
  2. Mix standing and sitting. Sitting constantly is unhealthy, but standing still for long stretches of time can cause problems, too, such as a bad back or sore feet. It's better to frequently shift between sitting and standing, Dunstan notes.
  3. Take regular breaks. "Most people know that if they don't exercise, they'll gain weight, but they aren't motivated to become more active," says exercise physiologist Fabio Comana, spokesman for the American Council on Exercise in San Diego. Get yourself moving more often with small goals, he says. "Stretch out your entire body, all the muscles that are cramped. If you do it five or six times a day, you'll start to notice a difference."
  4. Pretend it's 1985. Have a question for your co-worker down the hall? Don't shoot him an e-mail; walk to his cubicle and ask him face to face. Some companies have instituted email-free Fridays to get employees out of their chairs more often, Levine says.
  5. Adopt new habits. Standing uses more muscles and burns more calories than sitting, so train yourself to stand whenever you talk on the telephone. Pace during staff meetings if your boss will allow it. Ask friends to go for a walk during lunch instead of chatting in the break room. Use the stairs instead of the elevator.
  6. Rearrange the office. Help your company encourage its employees to be more physically active without suggesting that they install treadmills at every workstation, Levine says. Start having walk-and-talk meetings with your co-workers rather than conference room meetings. Move trash cans out of cubicles to make people walk to throw out garbage. Relocate water coolers by windows, where people will want to congregate.
  7. Embrace new technology. Telecommute from a park on a sunny day, or walk around outside while participating in a conference call. "Instead of tying people to their desks, technology is starting to release people from their desks," Levine says, noting the widespread use of text messaging, laptops, and cell phones with wireless Internet access. "The evolution of technology allows people to be far more mobile."
  8. End your workday with a bang, not a whimper. Prolonged sitting at work can tire you out, making you zone out as 5 p.m. approaches, Comana says. "But if you take a brisk, 15-minute walk in the afternoon, you'll be far more productive in your last two hours. If you're worried that you don't have time for a walk, you may be surprised that you get your work done more quickly afterwards."
  9. Rethink your commute. It's dangerous to try to exercise while you're driving, but if you take a bus or train to work, you can stand, clench, and relax your muscles or get off a stop early and walk several blocks. If mass transit isn't an option, find a distant parking spot so you walk for a few minutes before and after work, Dunstan says.
  10. Watch more television. That is if you vow to be active when you watch. "It is not our objective at all to discourage people from watching TV," Levine says. Pull your dust-covered treadmill out of retirement, place it in front of the television, and only allow yourself to watch when you're walking. No exercise equipment? March in place or tidy the room while watching. Just don't be a couch potato. Research shows that the longer you sit watching television, the greater your waist circumference, and the higher your risk is of dying from cardiovascular disease,

Blood Pressure
Exercise.      .                                        
Lose weight.                                          
Healthy diet                       .
Warm up or cool down                                                                                                                                          Salt: 1 teaspoon 1500 mg /day .           
Beta blockers slow the heart rate.                                                                        
Diet 2000 calories. Fruits, vegetable and low fat diet.